There are a few different ways to get to Peru, depending on where you are coming from:
- By air: You can fly into Peru’s main international airport, Jorge Chávez International Airport, which is located in Lima. There are direct flights to Lima from a number of cities in North and South America, as well as a few cities in Europe and Asia.
- By land: Peru is bordered by Chile, Bolivia, Brazil, Colombia, and Ecuador, and you can enter the country by land from any of these countries.
- By water: It is also possible to reach Peru by boat, as the country has a Pacific coastline. You can take a cruise from the United States or South America, or you can travel by ferry from Ecuador.
Once you are in Peru, there are many tourist attractions that you might want to visit. Here are 10 popular options:
- Machu Picchu: This ancient Inca citadel is Peru’s most famous tourist attraction and is a UNESCO World Heritage site. You can take a guided tour of the site, hike the nearby trails, or visit the nearby town of Aguas Calientes.
- Cusco: This city, located in the Andes Mountains, was the capital of the Inca Empire and is now a popular tourist destination. You can visit its many churches, museums, and other historical sites, or take a trip to nearby Inca ruins.
- Lima: Peru’s capital city is a great place to start your visit. You can explore the city’s colonial architecture, visit its many museums, and enjoy its lively nightlife.
- Arequipa: This city, located in the south of the country, is known for its beautiful colonial architecture and nearby natural attractions, such as Colca Canyon.
- Lake Titicaca: This large lake, located on the border between Peru and Bolivia, is the highest navigable lake in the world. You can take a boat tour of the lake and visit the nearby islands.
- Nazca Lines: These ancient geoglyphs, located in the desert of southern Peru, are a UNESCO World Heritage site. You can take a small plane tour of the lines or visit the nearby Nazca Museum.
- The Amazon Rainforest: Peru is home to a large portion of the Amazon Rainforest, and you can visit this vast ecosystem by taking a tour from the city of Iquitos.
- Chan Chan: This ancient city, located near the city of Trujillo, was the capital of the Chimu Empire and is now a UNESCO World Heritage site. You can take a guided tour of the city and learn about its history.
- Kuelap: This ancient city, located in the Andes Mountains, was the capital of the Chachapoyas culture and is now a popular tourist destination. You can take a guided tour of the city and explore its many ruins.
- Huaraz: This city, located in the Andes Mountains, is a popular starting point for hikes and other outdoor activities in the surrounding mountains.
Other important information that tourists should know:
- Peru is generally a safe country, but it is always a good idea to be aware of your surroundings and to take basic precautions to protect your safety and belongings.
- Peru’s official currency is the Peruvian sol. Credit cards are widely accepted, but it is a good idea to have some cash on hand for smaller purchases.
- Peru has a diverse range of climates, depending on the region. The coastal areas are generally hot and dry, while the Andes Mountains can be cool and rainy. It is a good idea to check the weather forecast for the specific region you will be visiting and pack accordingly.
- Peru is a predominantly Spanish-speaking country, but many people in the tourist industry speak English. It is a good idea to learn some basic Spanish phrases, as it will help you get around and make connections with locals.
- It is recommended to get vaccinated before traveling to Peru, as some parts of the country (especially in rural areas) may have lower vaccination rates. The Centers for Disease Control and Prevention (CDC) recommends vaccines for hepatitis A and B, typhoid, yellow fever, and rabies, as well as any other vaccines that are recommended for your home country.
- Peru is home to a number of altitudes, with some areas located over 10,000 feet above sea level. If you are planning to visit high-altitude areas, it is important to be aware of the symptoms of altitude sickness and to take precautions to prevent it.
- Peru has a rich and diverse culture, and it is important to respect local customs and traditions. This includes dressing modestly, especially when visiting religious sites, and being mindful of local norms and behaviors.