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Living in Kyrgyzstan pros and cons

Living in Kyrgyzstan pros and cons
Living in Kyrgyzstan pros and cons

Kyrgyzstan is a country located in Central Asia, known for its beautiful mountains, nomadic culture and rich history. It is a landlocked country and shares borders with Kazakhstan, China, Tajikistan, and Uzbekistan. Many people are drawn to the country for its stunning natural beauty, adventure opportunities and the unique blend of Soviet and Asian influences. However, living in Kyrgyzstan also has its downsides. Here are some pros and cons to consider if you’re thinking about making the move:


  1. Beautiful landscapes: Kyrgyzstan has a diverse range of landscapes, from the towering Tian Shan mountains to the rolling grasslands, making it a popular destination for outdoor enthusiasts.
  2. Nomadic culture: Kyrgyzstan is home to a vibrant nomadic culture, with a rich history of traditional customs and festivals.
  3. Adventure opportunities: Kyrgyzstan offers a wide range of adventure opportunities such as hiking, skiing, horseback riding and more.
  4. Good healthcare: Kyrgyzstan has a well-developed healthcare system with a range of private and public hospitals and clinics, and medical treatment is generally affordable.
  5. Strong expat community: There is a small but growing expat community in Kyrgyzstan, which can be a great resource for newcomers looking to make friends, find housing, and navigate the local culture.
  6. Convenient transportation: Kyrgyzstan has a well-developed transportation infrastructure, with buses and trains connecting the major cities and tourist destinations.
  7. Good education system: Kyrgyzstan has a well-developed education system, with many opportunities for language learning and academic study.
  8. Safe country: Kyrgyzstan is considered to be a safe country with a low crime rate.
  9. Affordable cost of living: The cost of living in Kyrgyzstan is generally lower than in many Western countries, making it an affordable destination for expats and tourists alike.
  10. Good job opportunities: Kyrgyzstan has a growing economy with many job opportunities in various sectors, particularly in tourism and mining.


  1. Language barrier: While many Kyrgyz people speak Russian, communication can still be a challenge in some areas, particularly in rural areas or with older people.
  2. Bureaucracy: Dealing with Kyrgyz bureaucracy can be a challenge, and expats may find it difficult to navigate the local government agencies and legal system.
  3. Limited privacy: Living in a shared culture and space where people have different ideas of privacy compared to the West, can be challenging for some expats.
  4. Scams: Scammers and fraudsters are present in Kyrgyzstan like in any other country, and it is important to be aware of common scams and to take precautions to protect yourself.
  5. Cultural differences: Adapting to the local culture and customs can be difficult for some expats, particularly when it comes to issues like personal space, punctuality, and respect for authority.
  6. Air pollution: Air pollution is a growing problem in Kyrgyzstan, particularly in larger cities like Bishkek and Osh.
  7. Political instability: Kyrgyzstan’s political instability and potential tensions with neighboring countries can be a concern for some expats.
  8. Cold weather: Kyrgyzstan can be very cold in the winter, which can be challenging for some expats.
  9. Limited nightlife: Nightlife in Kyrgyzstan can be limited, particularly outside of major tourist destinations.
  10. Limited job opportunities for foreigners: Job opportunities for foreigners can be limited and may require a good command of the Russian or Kyrgyz language.

In conclusion, living in Kyrgyzstan can be a great experience for those who are looking for beautiful landscapes, nomadic culture, adventure opportunities, good healthcare, strong expat community, convenient transportation, good education system, safety and an affordable cost of living. However, it also has its downsides such as language barrier, bureaucracy, limited privacy, scams, cultural differences, air pollution, political instability, cold weather, limited nightlife and limited job opportunities for foreigners. It’s important to carefully weigh the pros and cons and to be prepared for the unique challenges of living in a foreign country before making the decision to move to Kyrgyzstan. Additionally, it’s important to familiarize oneself with the local customs, laws and regulations to ensure a smooth transition to living in Kyrgyzstan. It’s also important to be aware of the fact that Russian is widely spoken in Kyrgyzstan, and it might be helpful to learn it as well.