- Do not disrespect the President: Kazakhstan has a strong tradition of reverence for the President, and insulting or speaking ill of the President or other members of the government is strictly prohibited and can result in imprisonment.
- Do not touch someone’s head: In Kazakh culture, the head is considered the most sacred part of the body, and it is considered rude to touch someone’s head or pat a child on the head.
- Do not point your feet at someone: The feet are considered the lowest and dirtiest part of the body in Kazakh culture, and pointing them at someone is considered rude.
- Do not dress immodestly: Kazakhstan is a conservative country, and it is expected that visitors dress modestly and cover their shoulders and legs when entering mosques and other sacred places.
- Do not talk loudly or use offensive language: Kazakh people value politeness and respect, and using loud or offensive language can be seen as rude and disrespectful.
- Do not touch or take anything from a mosque without permission: Mosques are sacred places in Kazakhstan, and it is important to respect their rules and ask permission before taking anything or touching any artifacts.
- Do not litter or litter the environment: Littering is considered a serious offence in Kazakhstan and it is important to be mindful of the environment and dispose of trash properly.
- Do not use drugs: Kazakhstan has strict drug laws and possession or use of drugs can result in severe penalties, including life imprisonment.
- Do not engage in prostitution: Prostitution is illegal in Kazakhstan and can result in arrest and imprisonment.
- Do not engage in illegal activities: Criminal activities such as theft or fraud can result in severe penalties, including imprisonment, and it is important to obey the laws of Kazakhstan to avoid any legal issues.
- Do not ignore local customs: Kazakhstan has a rich cultural heritage and it is important to respect local customs and traditions, such as removing shoes before entering a mosque or home.
- Do not take photographs of people without permission: Respect people’s privacy and ask for permission before taking photographs of individuals or in sacred places.
- Do not bring food or drinks into mosques: Many mosques in Kazakhstan have strict rules against bringing food or drinks inside, so it is important to check the rules and respect them.
- Do not ignore traffic laws: Kazakhstan has a high rate of traffic accidents and it is important to obey traffic laws.
- Do not take advantage of the kindness of locals: Kazakh people are known for their kindness and hospitality, but it is important not to take advantage of this by asking for too much or expecting too much.
- Do not leave your belongings unattended: Pickpocketing and theft can occur in tourist areas, so it is important to keep an eye on your belongings and not leave them unattended.
- Do not ignore Ramadan: Kazakhstan is a Muslim country and Ramadan is an important month of religious observance, it is important to be aware of this and respect the customs and traditions of fasting and prayer during this time.
- Do not ignore the laws on alcohol consumption: Kazakhstan has strict laws on alcohol consumption, it is illegal to consume alcohol in public and it is only allowed to be consumed in licensed hotel bars or clubs.
- Do not ignore the laws on public displays of affection: Public displays of affection such as kissing or holding hands are considered inappropriate and may result in penalties.
- Do not ignore the laws on dress code: Kazakhstan has a conservative dress code, it is important to dress modestly and cover your shoulders and legs when in public. It is also important to be aware of the laws surrounding headwear, as it is expected for women to cover their heads in public and in mosques. Men should also avoid wearing shorts or revealing clothing in public and in mosques.
As far as the beliefs of the people of Kazakhstan, the country is predominantly Muslim, with the majority of the population following the Sunni branch of Islam. Additionally, there is a significant minority of Russian Orthodox Christians. It is important for visitors to be mindful of the country’s religious customs and laws when visiting. It is also important to be respectful of the traditional customs and culture of the Kazakh people.
In addition, it is important to be aware that Kazakhstan is a multiethnic and multilingual country, with over 130 ethnic groups living within the country. Kazakhs, Russians, Uzbeks, Ukrainians, Uighurs, Tatars are the largest groups. It is important to be respectful of the diversity and cultural heritage of all ethnic groups in Kazakhstan.