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Panama is a country located in Central America, bordered by Costa Rica to the west, Colombia to the southeast, and the Caribbean Sea to the north and the Pacific Ocean to the south. The capital and largest city is Panama City. The official language is Spanish and the currency is the Panamanian balboa. The government is a presidential representative democratic republic, with the President as the head of state and government. The current President is Laurentino Cortizo.

Panama has a rich history, particularly in relation to its strategic location as a crossroads between the Americas. The country was first settled by indigenous tribes before being conquered by the Spanish in the 16th century. It later became a key location for the Spanish empire in the New World, and later played a crucial role in the construction of the Panama Canal in the early 20th century.

Panama is known for its natural beauty, including its beaches, rainforests, and mountains, as well as its rich culture, particularly its music, dance, and festivals, such as the Panama Jazz Festival and the Festival de la Mejorana.

The economy of Panama is based on services, particularly banking and tourism. The country is a major banking center and is also a popular tourist destination, known for its natural beauty, warm climate, and the Panama Canal. The service sector, including real estate, tourism and logistics, is the largest contributor to the country’s GDP. Agriculture and mining are also an important sector.

The population of Panama is around 4.3 million people, and is composed of a mix of different ethnic groups, with the majority of people being of mixed Indigenous, European, and African descent. Spanish is the official language, but many people also speak indigenous languages such as Embera and Kuna. The country has a diverse religious structure with a large number of Catholics, Protestants and followers of other religions such as Jehovah’s Witnesses.