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Mauritius is an island nation located in the Indian Ocean, about 900 kilometers (560 miles) east of Madagascar. It is a volcanic island and is part of the Mascarene Islands. The official languages are English and French, and the currency is the Mauritian rupee. The population of Mauritius is approximately 1.3 million people. The country has a diverse culture, with influences from the French, British, and Indian settlers who have lived on the island. The economy of Mauritius is based on tourism, textiles, sugar, and financial services. The island is known for its beautiful beaches, coral reefs, and diverse wildlife, such as the pink pigeon and the Mauritian flying fox.