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Madagascar is an island country located in the Indian Ocean, off the coast of East Africa. It is the fourth largest island in the world. The official language is Malagasy and French, and the currency is the Malagasy ariary. The population of Madagascar is approximately 29 million people. The country has a unique culture, with influences from the island’s various ethnic groups, as well as from the historical presence of European colonizers.
Madagascar is known for its biodiversity, with a wide variety of plants and animals found only on the island. The economy of Madagascar is primarily based on agriculture, with rice, cassava, and cattle being the main products. Fishing, mining, and tourism are also important industries. The country is also known for its precious stones such as sapphires, emeralds and rubies.