Iraq is a country located in Western Asia, bordered by Kuwait to the southeast, Saudi Arabia to the south, Jordan to the west, Syria to the northwest, Turkey to the north, and Iran to the east. The official language of Iraq is Arabic and the country has a population of approximately 38 million people. The capital and largest city is Baghdad.
Iraq has a rich history, with influences from various cultures and empires, including the Sumerians, the Assyrians, the Akkadians, the Babylonians, the Persians, the Greeks, the Romans, the Arabs, the Mongols, the Ottoman Empire, and the British Empire. The country has many historical and cultural sites, such as the ancient city of Babylon and the ruins of the Assyrian capital of Nineveh, both of which are UNESCO World Heritage sites.
The country has a federal parliamentary constitutional republic system of government. The President is the head of state and the Prime Minister is the head of government. The country has a unicameral parliament, known as the Council of Representatives.
The economy of Iraq is based on oil and gas production, which accounts for a large share of the country’s GDP and exports. The country also has a rapidly growing service sector, and a small but growing agricultural and industrial sector. The country has been trying to diversify its economy, despite the ongoing political instability and the lack of security.
Iraq has been facing many challenges since the U.S.-led invasion in 2003. The country has been plagued by violence, sectarian divisions, and political instability, and it is still recovering from the long and bloody civil war that ensued after the fall of Saddam Hussein. The country also faces ongoing issues related to the presence of extremist groups, such as ISIS, and the displacement of large numbers of civilians. There have been efforts to rebuild and improve the security situation in the country, but progress has been slow and uncertain.