Honduras is a country located in Central America, bordered by Guatemala to the west, El Salvador and Nicaragua to the south, and the Caribbean Sea and the Gulf of Honduras to the north and east, respectively. The capital and largest city is Tegucigalpa. The official language is Spanish and the currency is the Honduran lempira. The government is a presidential representative democratic republic, with the President as the head of state and government. The current President is Juan Orlando Hernández.
Honduras has a rich history, with the area being originally settled by the Maya civilization prior to the arrival of Europeans in the 16th century. The country was later colonized by the Spanish and became a part of the Captaincy General of Guatemala before gaining its independence in 1821.
Honduras is known for its natural beauty, including its beaches, mountains, and tropical forests, as well as its rich culture, particularly its music, dance, and festivals, such as the Feria Juniana and the Festival de la Mejorana.
The economy of Honduras is based on agriculture, manufacturing, and services. The country is a major exporter of agricultural products such as coffee, bananas, and palm oil. Manufacturing includes the production of textiles, clothing, and food processing. The service sector, including tourism and financial services, is also an important contributor to the country’s GDP.
The population of Honduras is around 9.3 million people, and is composed of a mix of different ethnic groups, with the majority of people being of mixed Indigenous, European, and African descent. Spanish is the official language, but many people also speak indigenous languages such as Garifuna and Lenca. The country has a diverse religious structure with a large number of Catholics, as well as followers of other religions such as Evangelicals and Jehovah’s Witnesses.