Haiti is a country located on the island of Hispaniola in the Caribbean, bordered by the Dominican Republic to the east. The capital and largest city is Port-au-Prince. The official language is French and the currency is the Haitian gourde. The government is a presidential representative democratic republic, with the President as the head of state and government. The current President is Jovenel Moïse.
Haiti has a complex history, marked by political turmoil, natural disasters, and foreign intervention. The country gained independence from France in 1804, becoming the first independent black republic in the world. However, it has struggled with political instability, economic challenges and natural disasters, most notably the devastating earthquake in 2010.
Haiti is known for its rich culture, including its music, art, and festivals, such as the Fête de l’Independence and the Vodou festival. The country also has a diverse natural beauty, from beaches and mountains to rainforests.
The economy of Haiti is based on agriculture, manufacturing, and services. Agriculture is the main sector, with products such as coffee, sugarcane, and mangoes being the main crops. Manufacturing includes the production of textiles, clothing, and leather goods. The service sector, including tourism and financial services, is also an important contributor to the country’s GDP.
The population of Haiti is around 11.2 million people, and is composed of a mix of different ethnic groups, with the majority of people being of African descent. French and Creole are the official languages, but many people also speak Spanish. The country has a diverse religious structure with a large number of Catholics, as well as followers of other religions such as Vodou, Protestantism and Adventism.