Cuba is an island country located in the Caribbean Sea, south of Florida and the Bahamas, and east of Mexico. The capital and largest city is Havana. The official language is Spanish and the currency is the Cuban peso. The government is a socialist state with a single-party system and the Communist Party of Cuba is the only legal political party. The current President is Miguel Díaz-Canel.
Cuba has a rich history, with the island being inhabited by the indigenous Taíno people prior to the arrival of Europeans in the 15th century. The island was later colonized by Spain, and became an important center for the transatlantic slave trade. After the Spanish-American War in 1898, it became a protectorate of the United States until the Cuban Revolution of 1959 led by Fidel Castro, which established a socialist state.
Cuba is known for its rich culture, particularly its music and dance, such as the traditional son and salsa, as well as its art, literature, and cinema. The country is also known for its beaches, colonial architecture, and classic American cars.
The economy of Cuba is centrally planned and state-controlled, with the government owning and controlling most industries. The country has a strong public healthcare system and education system. The main industries are tourism, sugar, tobacco, and pharmaceuticals. Despite the US economic sanctions, the country has managed to maintain a relatively stable economy and a high standard of living for its citizens.
The population of Cuba is around 11.2 million people, and is mostly of mixed African, European and indigenous heritage. Spanish is the official language and is widely spoken, but there are also some speakers of indigenous languages such as Taíno and Ciboney.