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Asia is the largest and most populous continent in the world, covering an area of approximately 44.5 million square kilometers (17.2 million square miles) and home to over 4.5 billion people. It is located mainly in the Eastern hemisphere and includes countries such as China, India, Japan, Indonesia, and Russia, among many others. The continent is known for its vast cultural diversity, with hundreds of different languages and traditions, as well as its varied geography, which ranges from deserts and steppes to tropical rainforests and mountain ranges. Additionally, Asia is home to some of the world’s most populous and fastest-growing economies, such as China and India.